Birbhum was never been industrially developed.Though the
district is rich in Traditional,Cottage and Village
Industries.The contribution of Village Industries like
Kantha stitch,Leather, Handloom,Silk weaving, Sola pith,
Batik etc. in this district is immense.
However,with the changing industrial scenario,recent change in Government policies in West Bengal in Micro,Small and Medium Scale Enterprise Sector and after the establishment of Bakreshwar Thermal Power Project, the MSME Sector in this districtareslowly and gradually developing in an organized manner.
Birbhum district is advantageously located beside the rich industrial area of Durgapur and Asansol.The riverine district with significant rainfall and irrigation network has abundant source of water.Paddy,potato, wheat, sugarcane, rapeseed and pulses are among the cash crops. The WBSEDCL has a wide network of power distribution system in this district.Most of the mauzas of this district are electrified.
Abundant reserves of minerals resources like China Clay,Granite Stone,Coal,Quartz and Feldspar are here. Plenty of human resources and availability of land are some of the factors conducive to set up industries. Panagarh-Moregram Highway in the backbone of this district.
From the recent study it is visualized that there is extra vast scope for industrialization as well as development of handicraft items. The District Industries Centre,Birbhum since last few years has been continuously trying to make good co-ordination with the Entrepreneurs and render all support to set up Micro andSmall Enterprises including follow up with the Financial Institutions.
Most of the existing SSI units are mainly engaged in manufacturing activities like Rice Mill, Mustard Oil Mill,Rice Bran Oil Extraction Units, Stone crushing, China Clay washery,Flour Mill,Plastic Products, Rubber Industries,PCC Poles,Steel Furniture,and Electric Transformer etc. Such units are mostly located in Bolpur,Dubrajpur,Suri, Rampurhat, Sainthia, Ahmadpur,Md.Bazar and Mallarpur.
Birbhum occupies a very important part in the field of Cottage and handicraft items,which are largely in existence,are even run by local women artisans from their home and generate a source of income. The exhalative innovative ideas can be seen on design on Kantha Stitch, Batik on cloth,Embroidery, Leather products etc.
Considering the increasing consumption of electricity in the commercial and Industrial sector in between the year 2010-2011 and 2014-2015 in Birbhum, a conclusion may be drawn that the growth in the Enterprise Sector are being fast in the last five years.
Artisan Credit Card(ACC): Credit assistance to Rural Artisans having ‘Artisan Identity Card’.
Artisan Old-Age Pension: Pension scheme for old-age handicraft artisans.
District Industries Centre, (DIC) programme was started by the Central Government in 1978 with the objective of providing a focal point for promoting Small,Tiny,Cottage and Village Industries and to make available to them all necessary Services and facilities at one place. The DIC’s have been entrusted with most of the administrative and financial powers under the “Directorate of Micro,Small and medium Enterprises”. The following types of assistance and escort services are provided by the DIC to the entrepreneurs.
support for preparation of Project Report.
DISTRICT INDUSTRIES CENTRE, BIRBHUM IN PROMOTION OF
Major handicraft items of Birbhum District:-
Kantha Stitch Items
Docra Puthi Mala
Brass & Bell metal
Date root & seed ornaments
Cane & Bamboo products
Paintings-patachitra,Sara, wall hangings etc.
Image , idols of paddy,straw
BiswaBangla Haat, Santiniketan has been set up on a land measuring 3.72 acres under the scheme “ Urban Haat “ for providing marketing assistance to the handicrafts and handloom artisans of the state as well as country.
It has been functioning since 18th October, 2014 and fairs are organised there round the year with participation of handicrafts and handloom artisans on rotation basis from all districts of the state.
Cluster Development Programmes:
The objectives: Main objectives of this cluster are-
1. To upgrade the technology.
2. To link up the artisans with big buyers and exporters.
3. To develop the pecuniary condition of artisans.
4. To take the initiative so that a greater part of leather artisans may join in this cluster.
A. Santiniketan Leather Cluster is a purely artisan based cluster. About 1500 nos. of artisan are now working in this cluster. All the ‘Soft intervention’ activities for this cluster has already been completed. The construction of ‘Common Facility Centre’ (CFC) as the ‘Hard intervention’ is nearly to be completed.
B. Suri Readymade Garments Clusteris under process comprising of total 35 nos. of female entrepreneurs.The process of ‘Soft Intervention’ is going on. Awareness programme, Skill Development and Design development training with help of NIFT is completed.
C. Tikarbeta Brass & Bell Metal Cluster, an artisan based cluster comprising of 280 nos. of artisan have completed its Soft Intervention programmes like Awareness & skill Development Programme, Exposure visit to U.P. Metal Handicraft Training Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh etc.
D. Amarpur Tailoring Cluster and Dubrajpur Gate & Grill Cluster: Approval from the Directorate is awaiting.
Facilitation Centre(MFC)-“Points of single contact” for
information and procedures.
West Bengal Incentive Scheme(WBIS): With a view to encouraging to set up and creating a sustainable ecosystem in the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in Manufacturing sector, the Dept. of MSME & T provides State Incentives like WBIS-2007 and WBIS-2013. WBIS-2007 has been ended on 31st March, 2013 and WBIS-2013 commenced on and from 1st April, 2013.
The incentive granted/approved to the MSME units during last five years: