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Integrated Child Development Services Cell

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About Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme

Launched on 2nd October 1975, today, ICDS Scheme represents one of the world’s largest and most unique programme for early childhood development. ICDS is the foremost symbol of India’s commitment to her children – India’s response to the challenge of providing pre-school education on one hand and breaking the vicious cycle of malnutrition, morbidity, reduced learning capacity and mortality, on the other.

    The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme is a globally recognized community based early child care programme which addresses health, nutrition and education needs of children, expectant, nursing mothers and adolescent girls across the life cycle in a holistic manner.

    ICDS is India’s response to the challenge of breaking a vicious cycle of malnutrition, impaired development, morbidity and mortality in children, working in convergence with other flagship programmes such as NRHM, SSM and others, has emerged as the most effective integrated programme for contributing to the fulfillment of children’s rights to survival, growth and development.

    Development of children is at the centre of the 11th Plan with the commitment to ensure that children do not loose their childhood because of work, disease or despair. The 11th Plan aims to Universalize ICDS with quality within an explicit time frame and improved norms. In conformity with this aims rapid expansion of ICDS has been made in the last few years to reach the unreached ones.

1. Objectives: The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme was launched in 1975 with the following objectives:
          to improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years;
          to lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child;
          to reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout;
          to achieve effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development; and
          to enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.
2. Services: The above objectives are sought to be achieved through a package of services. To achieve these objectives, the scheme aims at providing a package of following inter related services:

Beneficiaries                             Services
1. Expectant & Nursing Mothers           i. Health check up 
                                                            ii. Immunization of expectant mothers against Tetanus
                                                            iii. Referral Services
                                                            iv. Supplementary Nutrition
                                                            v. Nutrition and Health Education
2. Other Women                                   i. Nutrition and Health Education
3. Children less than 3 years                  i. Supplementary Nutrition
                                                            ii. Immunization
                                                            iii. Health Check up
                                                            iv. Referral Services
4. Children between 3 – 6 years           i. Supplementary Nutrition
                                                            ii. Immunization
                                                            iii. Health Check up
                                                            iv. Referral Services
                                                            v. Non formal Pre-school education

About District ICDS Cell & ICDS Projects

Introduction:    
            In the district Birbhum, ICDS was launched with three Projects i.e. Mayureswar–I, Md.Bazar and Sainthia in the year 1982. Amongst those three Projects; Md.Bazar and Sainthia Projects are Tribal Projects and the Mayureswar–I ICDS Project is Rural Project.
            In the succeeding years other projects have been launched as follows:-
     Top                                                                        TABLE - I

SL No.

Name of the ICDS Projects

Project Code

Category of Project (Central Sector / State Sector)

Nature of Project (Rural / Tribal / Urban)

Year of sanction

1

MAYURESWAR-I

1

Central Sector

Rural

1982-83

2

MD BAZAR

2

Central Sector

Tribal

1982-83

3

SAINTHIA

3

Central Sector

Tribal

1982-83

4

BOLPUR

4

Central Sector

Rural

1984-85

5

ILLUMBAZAR

5

Central Sector

Rural

1984-85

6

KHOYRASOLE

6

Central Sector

Rural

1985-86

7

LAVPUR

7

Central Sector

Rural

1985-86

8

NANOOR

8

Central Sector

Rural

1984-85

9

DUBRAJPUR

9

Central Sector

Rural

1986-87

10

RAJNAGAR

10

Central Sector

Rural

1989-90

11

SURI-I

11

Central Sector

Rural

1989-90

12

SURI-II

12

Central Sector

Tribal

1990-91

13

RAMPURHAT-II

13

Central Sector

Rural

1991-92

14

MAYURESWAR-II

14

Central Sector

Rural

1992-93

15

NALHATI-II

15

Central Sector

Rural

1992-93

16

RAMPURHAT-I

16

Central Sector

Rural

1993-94

17

MURARAI-I

17

State Sector

Rural

1993-94

18

MURARAI-II

18

Central Sector

Rural

1993-94

19

NALHATI-I(NGO)

19

Central Sector

Rural

1996-97

     Top                                                                       TABLE – II        

Status of Operationalisation of AWCs (Phase-wise & Project-wise)

Sl. No.

Name of the Project

No. of AWCs sanctioned

No. of AWCs operational

Pre 1st phase

1st phase

2nd phase

3rd phase

Total

Pre 1st phase

1st phase

2nd phase

3rd phase

Total

1

MAYURESWAR-I

116

24

50

33

223

116

24

50

33

223

2

MD BAZAR

144

55

80

25

304

144

55

80

25

304

3

SAINTHIA

202

70

100

31

403

202

70

100

31

403

4

BOLPUR

152

56

24

123

355

152

56

24

123

355

5

ILLAMBAZAR

122

22

32

51

227

122

22

32

51

227

6

KHOYRASOLE

100

35

0

73

208

100

35

0

73

208

7

LABPUR

145

32

34

61

272

145

32

34

61

272

8

NANOOR

157

37

50

51

295

157

37

50

51

295

9

DUBRAJPUR

138

37

25

75

275

138

37

25

75

275

10

RAJNAGAR

73

0

36

25

134

73

0

36

25

134

11

SURI-I

81

47

32

41

201

81

47

32

41

201

12

SURI-II

90

20

44

25

179

90

20

44

25

179

13

RAMPURHAT-II

132

27

50

30

239

132

27

50

30

239

14

MAYURESWAR-II

99

14

25

41

179

99

14

25

41

179

15

NALHATI-II

84

23

32

25

164

84

23

32

25

164

16

RAMPURHAT-I

132

52

39

81

304

132

52

39

81

304

17

MURARAI-I

122

32

25

55

234

122

32

25

55

234

18

MURARAI-II

144

34

25

44

247

144

34

25

44

247

19

NALHATI-I (NGO)

174

60

29

90

353

174

60

29

90

353

District Total

2407

677

732

980

4796

2407

677

732

980

4796

Organizational Structure

 Top                                                              Citizen Centric activities

Sl No.

Description

Activities

1

Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP)

168003 children aged 6 month-3 years, 142202 children aged 3-6 years and 76278 Pregnant and Lactating Women’s are receiving cooked food for 25 days in each month through 4796 Anganwadi centers.  

2

Pre School Education (PSE)

71807 Boys and70395 Girls aged 3 to 6 years going for non-formal pre-school education in 4796 Anganwadi Centres for 21+ days in each month.

3

Immunization

Immunization for children and mothers are provided from the Sub Centres of Health in each Wednesday of every week. Few outreach immunization camp are also provided from the Anganwadi Centres on Tuesday and Thursday of every week. On the same day Health checkup for mothers & children are also conducted.  DOTS service is provided on Monday and Friday from the Sub Centres of Health.  

4

Mother’s Meeting

Monthly mothers meeting and health camp are held in all the Anganwadi Centres and in the outreach areas in para or hamlet. 

5

Weighment of children

Children are weighed on 2nd and 3rd Tuesday in all the Anganwadi Centres. Proper Counselling and referral services are provided by the Anganwadi workers in case of malnourished children i.e. Moderate and Severe.

 Top                                                                     Development activities

Sl . No.

Description

Activities

1

Anganwadi Building Construction

Total 2880 no. of Anganwadi Building has been constructed from various fund like RSVY, PUP, BRGF, RIDF, MSDP, Panchayat etc fund.

2

Training Programme for CDPOs/ Supervisors/ Anganwadi Workers

1)    For implementation of Positive Deviance Programme training for CDPOs/ BMOHs/ Supervisors (Health & ICDS) and AWWs have been arranged from district cell to GP level.
2)      
Two CDPOs are trained by the State as District Level Master Facilitator for rolling out New MIS of ICDS.
3)      
For implementation of New MIS training of Supervisors, PD Personnel has been completed and training of AWWs will be completed within July’14.
4)      
Food & Nutrition Board, GoI has trained a group of District Level Master trainer (CDPOs, few Supervisors & few PD Personnel) on Health & Nutrition.
5)      
Five supervisors are trained as State Resource Group Member for implementation and training of Early Childhood Education.
Another 14 supervisors will be trained as District Resource Group Member for implementation and training of Early Childhood Education.

3

Sanitation facilities

Toilet and Sanitation facilities are available 2641 no. of Anganwadi Centres.

4

Drinking Water facilities 

Drinking water facilities also available in 1537 no. Anganwadi Centres in own premises.

5

Model AWC for ECE

In the first phase 95 AWCs will be converted as model AWCs for Early Childhood Education.

6

AWC cum Crèche

In the Annual Programme Implementation Plan of 2014-15 fifty AWCs will be converted as AWC cum Creche for day care of working class women’s children

7

Supplementation of Boiled Milk

Provision of 100 ml boiled milk to all ICDS children three days in a week is on going in Bolpur municipality.

Same programme will be introduced in another 3 municipalities very soon, necessary approval received

        Top                           Projects / Programme running

Sl No.

Description

Activities

1.

Positive Deviance Programme

 

 Positive Deviance (PD), also popularly called “Keno Parbo Na” ( Why can’t we do it ? ) in Bengali is a community based initiative to bring about sustained behavioral change of primary care givers regarding infant & young child feeding and care practices to address malnutrition among children below 3 years of age. The approach uses collective learning as a means to identify affordable and easy to follow child care practices followed by a handful of individual families to nurture their babies; and spread it amongst other families living in the same socio- economic milieu.

PD aims at
reducing malnutrition among children below 3 years.

Strategy:
§         Capacity building of service providers at all levels
§         Convergence / multi-sectorial partnership
§         Community participation & mobilization
§         Promotion of local solutions to address problem of malnutrition
§        Gender sensitive child care practice
§        Behavioral change of child care givers

Broadly, the PD approach has two phases for implementation:

·           Phase I: Community Mobilization to make malnutrition visible in a community using simple monitoring tools viz. Community growth chart, Social Map and COHORT register. The community is sensitized on the magnitude of child malnutrition in the area through weighing of children and documenting it in these tools – most of which are color- coded and gives a visual impression of the nutritional status of children of the area.

·        Phase II: Deals with identifying PD practices already existing in the community and advocating it through Nutrition Counseling and Child Care Sessions (NCCS) for reduction of malnutrition.

To identify PD practices, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) with caregivers and Positive Deviant Inquiry (PDI) in three households of each normal and moderately malnourished children are held, the result of which are shared with the community in a community meeting.
The Nutritional Counseling and Child Care Sessions are 12 day monthly sessions where the best practices prevalent in the community are learnt by the care givers of moderate and severely malnourished children through a process of “Learning by doing”. During the NCCS, which is mostly held at the AWCs, community contribution in the form of vegetables, eggs as well as participation of mothers in cooking are promoted to increase community ownership in management of child malnutrition.

Apart from hands on demonstration and practice of proper child feeding, group counseling sessions are held involving mothers/ primary caregivers where they learn issues ranging from Safe Delivery, Care of New born, early and exclusive Breast Feeding and timely and appropriate complementary Feeding, Immunization to Hygiene, Diarrhoea, ARI, Micronutrients, HIV/AIDS as well as need for Hygiene practices like hand-washing and cleaning utensils before feeding the child. They also learn child feeding technique (active feeding). These sessions empower the care givers and build their confidence in rehabilitating their children into higher nutritional grade.

The caregivers are urged to practice the same behavior at home for the remaining 18 days of the month. At the end of 6 such monthly sessions, there is usually significant weight gain in most moderate and severely malnourished children.

The skill based training on early and exclusive breast feeding and timely introduction of appropriate complementary feeding given to ICDS functionaries along with Health functionaries during IMNCI resulted in better counseling leading to improved practices at household level pertaining to EEBF & TCF.

Programme coverage:


Launched in March, 2006 with financial support from RCH-II under Department of Health & Family Welfare, the program is implemented by ICDS Department (Department of WCD & SW) with technical and monitoring support from UNICEF. Presently, the program is covering all 19 blocks of the district where PD has been initiated in a phased manner.

Achievement:
A total of 3443 AWWs in the district have been trained on implementation of PD Programme. Nutritional Counseling and Child Care Sessions (NCCS) has been going on in 3443 AWCs. 454 AWCs have been linked to SHGs/ mother support groups for assisting AWW in management of community based malnutrition management sessions.
Individual child tracking on nutritional up-gradation is ongoing on monthly basis.

 

2.

 KSY (Kishori Shakti Yojona)

A self empowerment training programme for Adolescent Girls. In this scheme adolescent girls are trained by various training like Kantha Stitch, Toy Making, Boutique Work, Beautician course, Agarbatti making etc. 2244 nos. for the year 2006-07, 1140 nos. for the year 2007-08 and 1425 nos. of  adolescent girls has been trained in this district.      

Top                                                        Contacts details:

District ICDS Cell

Sl. No

Name of the Person

Designation

Phone No.

Mobile No.

Address

1

Hirak Banerjee

DPO (ICDS)

03462-255038

9432391362

 

District ICDS Cell,

1st Floor, Prashasan Bhaban,

Suri, Birbhum, PIN - 731101

 

 

2

Pradip Kanti Kumar

DSWO

03462-259737

9432937497

3

Habiba Khatun

Statistical Assistant

 

9475242778

4

Sajal Bhattacharyya

Dist. Project Coordinator, PD

 

9434949698

5

Himangshu Das

Dist. MIS Coordinator, PD

 

9434633406

6

Ganesh Kr. Das

L.D.A.

 

9564937568

7

Pradip Kr. Sinha

Group-D

 

9475851964

8

Mantu Bagdi

Driver

 

9933789392

9

Rakesh Singha

Driver, PD

 

9732059488

ICDS Projects

1

Mukteswar Thakur

CDPO, BOLPUR

03463-252226

9474614628

Bolpur College Road, Bolpur, Birbhum-731204

2

Anil Baran Murmu

CDPO, MURARAI-II

03465-240377

9434672888

Murari-II ICDS Project, Paikar, Birbhum-731220

3

 Bibhudan Majumdar

CDPO, SAINTHIA

03462-262350

9339863495

R.K.Tala Road, P.O.-Sainthia, Birbhum-731123

4

 Santi Kr. Bagdi (Addl. Charge)

CDPO, MAYURESWAR-II

03462-235149

9434636287

Mayureswar-II ICDS Project, PO-Kotasur, Birbhum-731254

5

Bibhudan Majumdar  (Addl. Charge)

CDPO, MD BAZAR

03462-260881

9339863495

C/O.- Najma Begum, P.O.-Md. Bazar, Birbhum-731127

6

Md. Safiullha (Addl. Charge)

CDPO, DUBRAJPUR

03462-244523

9088287668

Dubrajpur ICDS Project, Birbhum-731123

7

Dinabandhu Saha

CDPO, SURI-I

03462-256311

9434069013

 Suri-I ICDS Project, Birbhum-731101

8

Subhra Mondal

CDPO, SURI-II

03462-247202

9475265416

Vill+P.O.-Purandarpur, Dist.-Birbhum-731129

9

Dinabandhu Maji

CDPO, MURARAI-I

03465-252482

9434067229

Murarai Rural Hospital Compound, Murarai-I,  Birbhum-731219

10

Mukteswar Thakur (Addl. Charge)

CDPO, LABPUR

03463-266266

9474614628

Labpur ICDS Project, Birbhum-731303

11

Kalyani Sarkar

CDPO, ILLAMBAZAR

03463-275264

9432321928

Sukhbazar, PO- Illambazar, Bolpur Road, Birbhum-731214

12

Anil Baran Murmu (Addl. Charge)

CDPO, MAYURESWAR-I

03461-262215

9434672888

Mayureswar-I ICDS Project,  Mollarpur, Birbhum-731216

13

Sailendra Nath Roy

CDPO, NANOOR

03463-241693

9475923244

Nanoor ICDS Project, Birbhum-731301

14

Santi Kr. Bagdi

CDPO, RAMPURHAT-II

03461-257976

9434636287

Brahmingram More, PO-Rampurhat, Birbhum-731224

15

Santi Kr. Bagdi

CDPO, RAMPURHAT-I

03462-257442

9434636287

Near Irrigation Office, Nischintapur, PO-Rampurhat, Birbhum-731221

16

Dinabandhu Maji (Addl. Charge)

CDPO, NALHATI-II

03465-259653

9434067229

Nalhati-II ICDS Projects, Vill+PO-Lahapur, Birbhum-731237

17

Md. Safiullha

CDPO, RAJNAGAR

03462-278114

9088287668

Rajnagar ICDS Project, Rajnagar, Birbhum-731130

18

Md. Safiullha (Addl. Charge)

CDPO, KHOYRASOLE

03462-240209

9088287668

Khoyrasole ICDS Project, Birbhum-731125

19

Samsul Hoda

CDPO, NALHATI-I (NGO)

03465-256273

9434560173

Nalhati-I ICDS Project (NGO), Nalhati, Birbhum-731243

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 Birbhum  District Unit, New Administrative Building, Suri, Birbhum-731101,
 West Bengal , India.